While HIPAA does not protect the confidentiality of veterinary medical records, California law does. California, along with many other states, have passed confidentiality laws which protect information related to veterinary care and impose steep criminal, civil, and disciplinary penalties for their violation. The law has numerous exceptions, which could be complicated to navigate. “HIPAA for Hippos? Navigating Veterinarian Confidentiality Laws in California,” by Geoffrey Macbride, discusses when, and under what conditions, confidential information could be safely disclosed. This article also provides a few tips to help ensure compliance and properly document it.